Youth unemployment in Uganda ubos, youth unemployment rate in Uganda

The youth unemployment rate in Uganda is at 2.10 per cent

Unemployment Rate in Uganda increased to 2.10 per cent in 2017 from 2 per cent in 2016. Unemployment Rate in Uganda averaged 2.38 per cent from 1991 until 2017, reaching an all-time high of 3.50 per cent in 2002 and a record low of 0.94 per cent in 1991.
Uganda Unemployment Rate
Uganda Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 2.10 2.00 3.50 0.94 percent
Population 42.72 41.16 42.72 6.77 Million
Wages High Skilled 1216600.00 1766600.00 1766600.00 1216600.00 UGX/Month
Wages Low Skilled 412400.00 649900.00 649900.00 389700.00 UGX/Month
Living Wage Family 1368500.00 1368500.00 1368500.00 1368500.00 UGX/Month
Living Wage Individual 652200.00 652200.00 652200.00 652200.00 UGX/Month

Uganda Unemployment Rate

In Uganda, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides – Uganda Unemployment Rate – actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Uganda Unemployment Rate – actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases – was last updated in September of 2019.
Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
2.10 2.00 3.50 0.94 1991 – 2017 per cent Yearly

Employment relations in Uganda are primarily governed by the Employment Act of 2006.  The Employment Act provides that it shall be the duty of all parties including the Minister, labour officers and the industrial court to seek to promote equality of opportunity with a view to eliminating any discrimination in employment.

National Youth Policy
The National Youth Policy (2001) seeks to initiate, strengthen, streamline and mobilize resources for all programmes and services targeting the youth. The main strategy of the policy to promote capacity building, enterprise development and youth involvement. The policy targets to mobilize resources to promote youth participation in national development and create awareness on the youth concerns and needs.

Unemployment Deepens in Uganda
Uganda statistics from the labour department indicate that 390,000 students who finish tertiary education each year have only 8,000 jobs to fight for. This means that for every one job that is available they are about 50 people to fill it.

The labour force flow figures at the Uganda Investment Authority (UIA) and the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) indicate more than  400,000 Ugandans who enter the labour market each year, only about 113,000 are absorbed informal employment, leaving the rest to have to join the informal sector. The UBOS findings indicate that illiterates are more likely to be available for any work than the literates.

Uganda’s unemployment rate stands at 80 per cent and underemployment, which is mainly prevalent in rural areas at 17 per cent. Statistics from the Labour Department show that the current labour force is estimated at 9.8 million of which 53 per cent are females.

Causes of unemployment in Uganda
Unemployment in Uganda is mainly due to the following causes:

  • Theoretical methods of teaching are used by a number of learning institutions.
  • High levels of physical disability which has rendered it impossible for thousands to perform work and there are no adequate support facilities to enable the disabled to perform work.
  • The graduate’s inability to create jobs is another source of unemployment
  • The influx of foreign workers brought by investors.
  • Lack of support for young entrepreneurs especially in the rural areas.
  • Lack of access to resources like land and capital for a number of youth.
  • Gender or other discrimination in areas of employment, for example, there are ladies who are taxi drivers or conductors.
  • lack of employable skills,
  • Lack of focus by the existing programs in the informal sector and agriculture.
  • Lack of apprenticeship schemes.
  • Negative attitudes by the youth towards work especially in agriculture and rural areas.
  • Lack of comprehensive employment policy.
  • Rapid changes in technology
  • Inflation which makes expensive to pay a living salary



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